THE URANIAN INSTITUTE

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"THOSE WHO FAIL TO LEARN FROM THE LESSONS OF HISTORY ARE DOOMED TO REPEAT IT" --  George Santayana

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A CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF 

    URANIAN ASTROLOGY

FOUNDING HAMBURG SCHOOL ASTROLOGER ALFRED WITTE

HAMBURG SCHOOL & URANIAN ASTROLOGER RUTH BRUMMUND

NOTE THAT GERMAN MIILITARY INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN FUSED WITH HAMBURG SCHOOl AND URANIAN ASTROLOGY SINCE ITS EARLY YEARS, AND WILL LIKELY BE ENCOUNTERED PERIODICALLY THROUGHOUT ITS HISTORY, SOMETIMES COVERTLY AND WITHOUT WARNING. URANIAN ASTROLOGY IN OTHER COUNTRIES HAS OFTEN DIVERGED FROM THE HAMBURG SCHOOL IN ORDER TO AVOID SOMETIMES UNDERHANDED MEDDLING OF AGENTS OF GERMAN NATIONALIST OBJECTIVES. THE URANIAN INSTITUTE IS AN AMERICAN ORGANIZATION AUTONOMOUS FROM GERMAN AGENCIES.

There are a number of accounts of the historical development of Uranian Astrology, each presented for different reasons and motives, as many facts about its development have been concealed; sometimes intentionally, due to commercial or political motives; at other times due to lack of access to needed up-to-date information.  Issues of plagiarism, copyright abuses, and software piracy have also been problematic. Yet the value of the amazing knowledge derived from modern Uranian Techniques merits our continual progress beyond such setbacks.

In an attempt to resolve these problems and clarify the development of Uranian Astrology with factual data, this chronology is compiled with the objective of getting as close to possible to original sources of the historical data.   Following is a chronological history of Uranian Astrology that is based on articles from Hamburg School publications, publications of Witte Verlag, and correspondence with Ruth Brummund, who has for a number of years have been a prime authority on Uranian Astrology and who has dedicated much of her life to its preservation and advancement based on current research -- as well as correspondence from longtime Hamburg School president Udo Rudolph.

Contrary to the stereotypes and assumptions of many English speakers, Uranian Astrology has indeed stepped outside the antiquated bounds of fatalism and determinism, although the bulk of English-language books on the topic, as of the year 2015, still consisted primarily of translations (not always acknowledged as such) of German material published in the 1960s and earlier by such ultra-rightist authors as Hermann Lefeldt.  However, new and more evolved developments in step with contemporary international Astrology have been integrated into Uranian and Hamburg School Astrology by more recent authors.  These newer works were being made available in English starting around 2000, mostly in electronic format as of 2015.

May this chronology shine light on the many ambiguities, clarify the facts, and lead to the forward movement of Uranian Astrology as a field of inquiry accessible to anyone who desires to use it for the greater benefit of humanity and the progress of the planet which we all share in common, above and beyond our cultural, economic, or egoistic differences; and perhaps clear some political subterfuge out of our field and beyond.

If there are statements here that contradict what you believe to be fact, please contact the compiler, with evidence, at blake@uranian-institute.org

This chronology is based on sources the compiler believes to be true and reliable.  I have stated the facts as I perceive them to be and am open to consideration of other information and perspectives.  The chronology will include additional information as facts are presented and clarified.  My heartfelt thanks go to Ruth Brummund for supplying the photographs which bring astrological realities to light for us all to learn and enjoy.

THE CHRONOLOGY

(under continuous development, last updated 2013.Jan.28)

1913: Alfred Witte, state surveyor and primary founder and teacher of the Hamburg School of Astrology, publishes his first known article on astrology, "Betrachtung über Farbe, Zahl und Ton" (Observations on Color, Number, and Musical Tones"). (Brummund, & Rudolph 1985: 9)

1915: Friedrich Sieggrün, who later worked closely with Alfred Witte, established the "Kepler Circle" for scientific study of astrology in Hamburg. (Brummund, & Rudolph 1985:9)

1919:  Alfred Witte first known to lecture at the "Kepler Circle" of astrologers in the summer of 1919, a year which some but not all astrologers consider to be the founding of the Hamburg School. Witte was seeking to refine astrology based on pragmatic considerations and the scientific drive to test, re-test, and prove methods for efficacy. There is no known record of mention of a "Hamburg School" of astrology at this time.. (Brummund, & Rudolph 1985)

1923:  According to an article by astronomy professor Dr Wilhelm Hartmann entitled "Introduction to the Astrological Working Methods of the Hamburg School", Friedrich Sieggrün is the first astrologer to clearly and publicly articulate the concept named "Hamburg School Astrology" in presenting techniques of Alfred Witte at the Second German Astrological Congress, from 30 June to 2 July, in Leipzig. Key participants included Sieggrün, Alfred Witte, and Ludwig Rudolph. (Witte 1975: 196, 297-298; Brummund, & Rudolph 1985:10)

1925: Year of founding of the Hamburg School Astrologers' Association (Astrologenverein Hamburger Schule).. (Brummund, & Rudolph 1985: 9)

1926: Alfred Witte, Ludwig Rudolph, Friedrich Sieggrün, and Dr Hubert Korsch attend the Fifth German Astrological Congress from 20 to 23 July in Hamburg. (Witte 1975: 358)

5th Astrological Congress in Hamburg, 1926: Alfred Witte is on the top row at the left end, wearing a hat.  Second from left, behind Witte is Dr Herbert Korsch.  Third from left on the top row is Friedrich Sieggrün.  Also on the last row, second from the right, overcoat over his arm, is Ludwig Rudolph.

1928: The first edition of the Regelwerk für Planetenbilder, the printing of a manuscript by Alfred Witte, is published with assistance from Ludwig Rudolph, in Hamburg.  This edition is followed by a second edition in 1932 and a third in 1935. (Witte 1959)

1929: Wilhelm Beckmann publishes an article first describing Hamburg School astrological methods as "The Astrology of Tomorrow" (Witte 1959)

1933:  Ludwig Rudolph publishes the first edition of his Leitfaden der Astrologie - System Hamburger Schule, one of the earliest systematic textbooks of Uranian techniques.  This early text employs only the first four Transneptunian factors of Witte, and is written before Ludwig Rudolph dismissed the astrological houses as a critical interpretive tool, which he and other Hamburg School astrologers did in later years, according to Hamburg School vice-president and research analyst Ruth Brummund.  This 1933 book includes a systematic introduction to the technical and astronomical elements of astrology, methods of chart interpretation, and a systematic method of chart rectification.  (Rudolph 1933; Brummund, 2000)

1936: The Regelwerk für Planetenbilder is added to the thousands of books banned by the German Third Reich government in order to keep the public ignorant and submissive to the interests of the Nazi Party. (Witte 1959). Despite this, Alfred Witte's methods continue to be taught in the USA by Richard Svehla, who labels them "Uranian System of Astrology" in his lecture at the 1936 All-American Astrological Convention in Chicago, which stressed the importance of scientific standards, and included lectures by Max Heindel of the Rosicrucian Order. (Salt Lake Tribune 1936).

1939: Richard Svehla publishes his translation of the 1935 (3rd) edition of Witte's Regelwerk für Planetenbilder as the Rulebook for Planetary Pictures in Cleveland Ohio in the USA, where he labels the material as the "Uranian System of Astrology".  Note that this edition of the book does not include interpretations for Pluto or the four outer Transneptunians of Friedrich Sieggrün. (Witte 1935; Witte 1959)

1940: The Kombination der Gestirneinflüße, the source material for the English-language Combination of Stellar Influences, is published by Reinhold Ebertin, one of Alfred Witte's students and founder of the derivative School of Cosmobiology.  It includes essential content similar to that of Witte's Rulebook, but dismisses Witte's Ariespoint and Transneptunians, and is approved for publication by the Third Reich.  (Ebertin 1972).

1941: Ludwig Rudolph, after censure for publishing Hamburg School astrology books in 1936, and their seizure by the Gestapo in 1937, is himself seized by the Gestapo and thrown into Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp in 1941. Two months later, Alfred Witte is reported as dead due to the questioned cause of suicide. (Fleischhauer).

Hamburg School astrological study association (ASHS)

officially registered with offices in Germany under post-war 

Allied Military Government occupation

1948.Aug.17         14h45 [2hE]         Hamburg, Germany

Chart from the 'Special Uranian' program by Aureas Software

1946: A fourth edition of the Regelwerk für Planetenbilder includes both the original 1928 interpretations by Alfred Witte, and, for the first time, Hermann Lefeldt's interpretations for Pluto, Apollon, Admetos, Vulkanus, and Poseidon; it is signed off for publication by editor Hermann Lefeldt at Christmas. (Witte 1959)

1947: Planning meetings held prior to official government registration of the ASHS (Astrological for the Study of Hamburg School Astrology), including one on 27 December 1947. Not all Hamburg School astrologers are in agreement on the appropriate founding date. (Singer)

1948: The ASHS (Astrological Society for the study of Hamburg School Astrology) is established, according to data verified by Ruth Brummund, on 17.Aug at 14h45 German Summer Time [2hE] in Hamburg, time of official registration with Allied Military Government offices in Germany. (Earlier proposed founding dates are for preliminary planning meetings that occurred prior to government registration.) (Brummund 1999-2000)

1957:  A 369-page dictionary of the planetary combinations in the 4th edition of the Regelwerk, laboriously compiled by Ilse Schnitzler, is published in German by Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).  This book, entitled Lexikon für Planetenbilder, is in essence Alfred Witte's 1928 for factors up through Kronos, plus Hermann Lefeldt's 1946 interpretations of Apollon through Poseidon, reorganized into alphabetical order (a mammoth task in the pre-computer era). (Schnitzler 1957This book appears in English translation in the United States in the early 1960s, as "The Key to Uranian Astrology by Hans Niggemann". 

1959: A fifth edition of the German Regelwerk für Planetenbilder by Alfred Witte is published in Hamburg. (Witte 1959)

Hamburg School conference, October 1971: The second person from the left end of the photo is Erich Wölfer. Third from the left is Dr Würdig.  In the center of the front row is Christine Jaenich.  Standing on the very top row at the left, with his face turned sideways and talking within his own little circle, is Hermann Lefeldt.  On the top at right, with his head turned downward to the right, talking to the woman at the right end of the photo, is Carl Perch.

1961:  Publication of the first issue of the Hamburger Hefte, official journal of the Hamburg School until 1996. (Brummund, 1999-2000).

1968:  Year of the first annual Hamburg School international symposium. (Brummund, & Rudolph, 1985: 10).

1971:  Karl Perch's Kurze Einführung in die Hamburger Schule (Short Introduction to the Hamburg School) is published in German. (Brummund, 1999-2000).

1971:  The Transneptun Ephemeride of Ruth Brummund is published.  For the first time, Uranians have an ephemeris listing positions at 10-day intervals.  This book revolutionizes Uranian Astrology, in the sense that, prior to this time, one had to calculate the positions of Transneptunians from "perpetual ephemeris" tables listing only yearly positions, and computers were not widely available. (Brummund, 2000)

Master Teacher Ludwig Rudolph relaxing after an interesting 

discussion with his enthusiastic student and later 

Vice-President of the Hamburg School, Ruth Brummund.

1971: After two years of studying and gathering Hamburg School materials in Germany, Lieutenant General Prayoon Pol-aree translates German-language materials into the Thai language and begins teaching Hamburg School techniques at the Astrology Society of Thailand. (Pol-aree, Pillai 2001)

1972:  Publication of Ruth Brummund's Astropsychologische Charaktermermale, a book which for the first time delineates psychological characteristics associated with individual Uranian factors and derived pairs and triplicities.  The bulk of this book is updated and combined into the Regelwerk - Neufassung (expanded 2nd edition published 1990).  The characteristics are also alphabetized and included in editions of the Lexikon--Neufassung. (Brummund 2000)

 

Click here to continue with part 2 of the historical chronology

SOURCES

Astrologie.de.  This comprehensive German-language website includes a special section on Uranian Astrology with articles by Ruth Brummund, which can be found at 

Brummund, R. 1979. Ortsmeridiane und Ortsaszendenten für wichtige Welthauptstädte. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).

Brummund, R. 1982. Lexikon-Neufassung. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).

Brummund, R. and Udo Rudolph. 1985. Handbuch zur Astrologie Hamburger Schule. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).

Brummund, R. 1990. Regelwerk-Neufassung, 2.Auflage. Hamburg: Ruth Brummund Eigenverlag.

Brummund, R. 1994. Uranischen Techniken Hamburger Astrologen. Hamburg: Ruth Brummund Eigenverlag.

Brummund, R. 1999-2001. Unpublished documents. personal correspondence with Blake Finley.

Fleischhauer, C.O. Biographical information on Alfred Witte, forwarded by Ruth Brummund.

Pol-aree, P. & Pillai, S. 2001.  Data from Miss Pannjai Pol-aree, daughter of Prayoon Pol-aree, and Supphaluck Pillai, senior staff member of the Institute of Prediction of Thailand, and representative of the Astrology Society of Thailand, under the Royal Patronage of Her Majesty the Queen of Thailand.

Rudolph, L. 1933. Leitfaden der Astrologie. Hamburg: Witte Verlag.

Rudolph, U. 1996?. Schriften und Lehrmittel der Hamburger Schule. Hamburg: Udo Rudolph Verlag.

Salt Lake (City) Tribune. September 3, 1936, page 1.

Schnitzler, I. 1957. Lexikon für Planetenbilder, Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).

Witte, A. & Rudolph L. 1935. Rules for Planetary Pictures, translated from 'Regelwerk' by Richard Svehla, Cleveland: Richard Svehla.

Witte, A. & Lefeldt, H. 1959. Regelwerk für Planetenbilder, 5.Auflage. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).

Witte, A. & Sporner, H. (ed.) 1975. Der Mensch -- eine Empfangsstation kosmischer Suggestionen (Man: A receiving station of cosmic influences), Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).

THE URANIAN INSTITUTE FOR ASTROLOGICAL STUDY & RESEARCH