WHO FAIL TO LEARN FROM THE LESSONS OF HISTORY ARE DOOMED TO REPEAT IT"
CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF
HAMBURG SCHOOL ASTROLOGER ALFRED
SCHOOL & URANIAN ASTROLOGER RUTH BRUMMUND
GERMAN MIILITARY INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS HAVE BEEN FUSED WITH HAMBURG
URANIAN ASTROLOGY SINCE ITS EARLY YEARS, AND WILL LIKELY BE ENCOUNTERED
PERIODICALLY THROUGHOUT ITS HISTORY, SOMETIMES COVERTLY AND WITHOUT WARNING. URANIAN
ASTROLOGY IN OTHER COUNTRIES HAS OFTEN DIVERGED FROM THE HAMBURG SCHOOL IN ORDER TO AVOID
SOMETIMES UNDERHANDED MEDDLING OF AGENTS OF GERMAN NATIONALIST OBJECTIVES.
THE URANIAN INSTITUTE IS AN AMERICAN ORGANIZATION AUTONOMOUS FROM GERMAN
There are a
number of accounts of the historical
development of Uranian Astrology, each presented for different reasons and
motives, as many facts about its development have been concealed;
sometimes intentionally, due to commercial or political motives; at other
times due to lack of access to needed up-to-date information. Issues
of plagiarism, copyright abuses, and software piracy have also been
problematic. Yet the value of the amazing knowledge
derived from modern Uranian Techniques merits our continual progress beyond such
In an attempt to
resolve these problems and clarify the development of Uranian Astrology with factual data,
this chronology is compiled with the objective of getting as close to possible to original sources of the
historical data. Following is a chronological history of Uranian Astrology that is based on
articles from Hamburg School publications, publications of Witte Verlag,
and correspondence with Ruth Brummund, who has for a number of years have been
a prime authority on Uranian Astrology and
who has dedicated much of her life to its preservation and advancement
based on current research -- as well as correspondence from longtime
Hamburg School president Udo Rudolph.
Contrary to the
stereotypes and assumptions of many English speakers, Uranian Astrology has indeed stepped outside
the antiquated bounds of fatalism and determinism, although the bulk of English-language books on the topic, as of the year
2015, still consisted primarily of
translations (not always acknowledged as such) of German material
published in the 1960s and earlier by such ultra-rightist authors as Hermann
Lefeldt. However, new
and more evolved developments in step with contemporary international Astrology
have been integrated into Uranian and Hamburg
School Astrology by more recent authors. These newer works were being made available in
English starting around 2000, mostly in electronic format as of 2015.
May this chronology shine light on
the many ambiguities, clarify the facts, and lead to the forward movement of
Uranian Astrology as a field of inquiry accessible to anyone who desires
to use it for the greater benefit of humanity and the progress of the planet
which we all share in common, above and beyond our cultural, economic, or egoistic differences; and perhaps clear some political subterfuge out of our field
If there are statements here that
contradict what you believe to be fact, please contact the compiler, with
evidence, at firstname.lastname@example.org
This chronology is based on sources
the compiler believes to be true and reliable. I have stated the facts as I
perceive them to be and am open to consideration of other information and
perspectives. The chronology will include additional information as
facts are presented and clarified. My heartfelt thanks go to Ruth
Brummund for supplying the photographs which bring astrological realities
to light for us all to learn and enjoy.
continuous development, last updated 2013.Jan.28)
1913: Alfred Witte, state
surveyor and primary founder and teacher of the Hamburg School of
Astrology, publishes his first known article on astrology,
"Betrachtung über Farbe, Zahl und Ton" (Observations on Color,
Number, and Musical Tones").
(Brummund, & Rudolph 1985: 9)
1915: Friedrich Sieggrün,
who later worked closely with Alfred Witte, established the "Kepler
Circle" for scientific study of astrology in Hamburg.
(Brummund, & Rudolph 1985:9)
1919: Alfred Witte
first known to lecture at the "Kepler Circle" of astrologers in
the summer of 1919, a year which some but not all astrologers consider to
be the founding of the Hamburg School. Witte was seeking to refine
astrology based on pragmatic considerations and the scientific drive to
test, re-test, and prove methods for efficacy. There is no known record of
mention of a "Hamburg School" of astrology at this time..
(Brummund, & Rudolph 1985)
to an article by astronomy professor Dr Wilhelm Hartmann entitled "Introduction to the
Astrological Working Methods of the Hamburg School", Friedrich
Sieggrün is the first astrologer to clearly and publicly
articulate the concept named "Hamburg School Astrology" in
presenting techniques of Alfred Witte at the Second German Astrological
Congress, from 30 June to 2 July, in Leipzig. Key participants included
Sieggrün, Alfred Witte, and Ludwig Rudolph.
1975: 196, 297-298; Brummund, & Rudolph 1985:10)
1925: Year of founding of
the Hamburg School Astrologers' Association (Astrologenverein Hamburger
(Brummund, & Rudolph 1985: 9)
1926: Alfred Witte, Ludwig Rudolph,
Friedrich Sieggrün, and Dr Hubert Korsch attend the Fifth German Astrological Congress
from 20 to 23 July in Hamburg. (Witte
Congress in Hamburg, 1926: Alfred Witte is on the top row at the
left end, wearing a hat. Second from left, behind Witte is
Dr Herbert Korsch. Third from left on the top row is
Friedrich Sieggrün. Also on the last row, second from the
right, overcoat over his arm, is Ludwig Rudolph.
1928: The first edition of the Regelwerk
für Planetenbilder, the printing of a manuscript by Alfred Witte, is published
with assistance from Ludwig Rudolph, in Hamburg.
This edition is followed by a second edition in 1932 and a third in 1935. (Witte
Wilhelm Beckmann publishes an article first describing Hamburg School
astrological methods as "The Astrology of Tomorrow" (Witte
1933: Ludwig Rudolph
publishes the first edition of his Leitfaden der Astrologie - System Hamburger Schule, one
of the earliest systematic textbooks of Uranian techniques. This
early text employs only the first four Transneptunian factors of Witte, and is written
before Ludwig Rudolph dismissed the astrological houses as a critical interpretive
tool, which he and other Hamburg School astrologers did in later years, according to
Hamburg School vice-president and research analyst Ruth Brummund.
This 1933 book includes a systematic
introduction to the technical and astronomical elements of astrology, methods of chart
interpretation, and a systematic method of chart rectification.
1933; Brummund, 2000)
1936: The Regelwerk
für Planetenbilder is added to the thousands of books banned by
the German Third Reich government in order to keep the public ignorant and
submissive to the interests of the Nazi Party. (Witte
this, Alfred Witte's methods continue to be taught in the USA by Richard
Svehla, who labels them "Uranian System of Astrology" in his
lecture at the 1936 All-American Astrological Convention in Chicago, which
stressed the importance of scientific standards, and included lectures by
Max Heindel of the Rosicrucian Order. (Salt
Lake Tribune 1936).
Richard Svehla publishes his translation of the 1935 (3rd) edition of
Witte's Regelwerk für Planetenbilder as the Rulebook for Planetary Pictures in
Cleveland Ohio in the USA, where he labels the material as the "Uranian System of
Astrology". Note that this edition of the book does not include interpretations
for Pluto or the four outer Transneptunians of Friedrich Sieggrün. (Witte
1935; Witte 1959)
1940: The Kombination der Gestirneinflüße,
the source material for the English-language Combination of Stellar Influences, is
published by Reinhold Ebertin, one of Alfred Witte's students and founder
of the derivative School of Cosmobiology. It includes essential content similar
to that of Witte's Rulebook, but dismisses Witte's Ariespoint and
Transneptunians, and is approved for publication by the Third Reich.
Ludwig Rudolph, after censure for publishing Hamburg School astrology books
in 1936, and their seizure by the Gestapo in 1937, is himself seized by the
Gestapo and thrown into Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp in 1941. Two
months later, Alfred Witte is reported as dead due to the questioned cause of suicide.
astrological study association (ASHS)
registered with offices in Germany under post-war
from the 'Special Uranian' program by Aureas Software
A fourth edition of the Regelwerk für Planetenbilder includes both
the original 1928 interpretations by Alfred
Witte, and, for the first time, Hermann Lefeldt's interpretations for
Pluto, Apollon, Admetos, Vulkanus, and Poseidon; it is signed off for publication by
editor Hermann Lefeldt at Christmas.
Planning meetings held prior to official government registration of the ASHS
(Astrological for the Study of Hamburg School Astrology), including one on
27 December 1947. Not all Hamburg School astrologers are in agreement on the
appropriate founding date. (Singer)
1948: The ASHS
(Astrological Society for the study of Hamburg School Astrology) is established, according to
data verified by Ruth Brummund, on 17.Aug at 14h45
German Summer Time [2hE] in Hamburg, time of official registration with
Allied Military Government offices in Germany.
proposed founding dates are for preliminary planning meetings that
occurred prior to government registration.)
369-page dictionary of the planetary combinations in the 4th edition of the Regelwerk,
laboriously compiled by Ilse Schnitzler, is published in German by Ludwig Rudolph
(Witte-Verlag). This book, entitled Lexikon für Planetenbilder, is in essence
Alfred Witte's 1928 for factors up through Kronos, plus Hermann Lefeldt's
1946 interpretations of Apollon through Poseidon, reorganized into alphabetical order
(a mammoth task in the pre-computer era). (Schnitzler 1957)
appears in English translation in the United States in the early 1960s, as "The Key to Uranian
Astrology by Hans Niggemann".
A fifth edition of the German Regelwerk für Planetenbilder by Alfred Witte
is published in Hamburg. (Witte
School conference, October 1971: The second person from the left
end of the photo is Erich Wölfer. Third from the left is Dr
Würdig. In the center of the front row is
Christine Jaenich. Standing on the very top row at the left, with
his face turned sideways and talking within his own little circle, is Hermann
Lefeldt. On the top at
right, with his head turned downward to the right, talking to the
woman at the right end of the photo, is Carl Perch.
Publication of the first issue of the Hamburger Hefte, official
journal of the Hamburg School until 1996. (Brummund,
Year of the first annual Hamburg School international symposium. (Brummund,
Karl Perch's Kurze
Einführung in die Hamburger Schule
(Short Introduction to the Hamburg School) is published in German. (Brummund,
The Transneptun Ephemeride of Ruth Brummund is published. For
the first time, Uranians have an ephemeris listing positions at 10-day
intervals. This book revolutionizes Uranian Astrology, in the sense
that, prior to
this time, one had to calculate the positions of Transneptunians from
"perpetual ephemeris" tables listing only yearly positions, and computers were not widely
Teacher Ludwig Rudolph relaxing after an interesting
discussion with his enthusiastic student and later
the Hamburg School, Ruth Brummund.
1971: After two years of studying
and gathering Hamburg School materials in Germany, Lieutenant General
Prayoon Pol-aree translates German-language materials into
the Thai language and begins teaching Hamburg School techniques at the
Astrology Society of Thailand. (Pol-aree,
Publication of Ruth Brummund's Astropsychologische Charaktermermale,
a book which for the first time delineates psychological characteristics
associated with individual Uranian factors and derived pairs and
triplicities. The bulk of this book is updated and combined
into the Regelwerk - Neufassung (expanded 2nd edition published
1990). The characteristics are also alphabetized and included in
editions of the Lexikon--Neufassung. (Brummund
here to continue with part 2 of the historical chronology
This comprehensive German-language website includes a special section on
Uranian Astrology with articles by Ruth Brummund, which can be found
1979. Ortsmeridiane und Ortsaszendenten für
wichtige Welthauptstädte. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).
1982. Lexikon-Neufassung. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph
and Udo Rudolph. 1985. Handbuch zur Astrologie Hamburger Schule.
Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).
1990. Regelwerk-Neufassung, 2.Auflage. Hamburg: Ruth
1994. Uranischen Techniken Hamburger Astrologen. Hamburg:
Ruth Brummund Eigenverlag.
1999-2001. Unpublished documents. personal correspondence with Blake Finley.
C.O. Biographical information on Alfred Witte, forwarded by Ruth Brummund.
P. & Pillai, S. 2001. Data from Miss Pannjai Pol-aree, daughter
of Prayoon Pol-aree, and Supphaluck Pillai, senior staff member of the
Institute of Prediction of Thailand, and representative of the
Astrology Society of Thailand, under the Royal Patronage of Her Majesty
the Queen of Thailand.
der Astrologie. Hamburg: Witte Verlag.
und Lehrmittel der Hamburger Schule. Hamburg: Udo Rudolph Verlag.
Lake (City) Tribune. September 3, 1936, page 1.
1957. Lexikon für Planetenbilder, Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph
Witte, A. &
Rudolph L. 1935. Rules for Planetary Pictures, translated from
'Regelwerk' by Richard Svehla, Cleveland: Richard Svehla.
Witte, A. &
Lefeldt, H. 1959. Regelwerk
für Planetenbilder, 5.Auflage. Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph
Witte, A. & Sporner, H. (ed.) 1975. Der Mensch -- eine Empfangsstation kosmischer
Suggestionen (Man: A receiving station of cosmic influences), Hamburg: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).