THE URANIAN INSTITUTE
PREFACE BY THE TRANSLATOR FOR ANGLOPHONE ASTROLOGERS: Where treated as a science, and employing critical research methods, some astrology has evolved and refined over time, while other astrology has remained with tradition by default or habit. This preface is necessary because the term "Uranian Astrology", as used in the USA, even in the early 2020s, is still often used to refer to an earlier "A+B-C=D" etc. formulaic "parts"-type historical version taught by Hermann Lefeldt and Hans Niggemann that does not take into consideration research since the 1970s reflected in "Uranische Astrologie" as used in Germany by Ruth Brummund and associates. This has been substantially due to the desire to continue selling outdated and often inherited books describing and utilizing the methods of yesteryear, and to courses and exams offered by the nationwide NCGR organization and elsewhere based on Hamburg School Astrology as it existed in the 1940s. The difference is between one set of astrologers who assume historical use, and historical interpretations, justify continued use, and another set of astrologers who see historical astrology as a chaotic interfusion of effective with ineffective or inefficient or tangential techniques that need to be sorted out and prioritized for efficacy; while 'rulebook' interpretation references of the past were based on the far fewer early observations between 1913 and 1950, and often focused on wartime realities.
A main point that is often still neglected today in American astrology is that it was also a core intention of Alfred Witte, founder of the school that evolved into Uranian Astrology as well as Cosmobiology, to sort out and dispense with the clutter of the sundry historical techniques in astrology via testing and research, developing in the process a new methodology with the remaining efficient and practical methods. Another basic fact that many American astrologers have also overlooked is that this was a same basic objective of Johannes Kepler, and part of the reason why Witte's earliest astrological research associates referred to themselves as the Kepler Circle. Kepler's main intent was not to perpetuate historical astrology, or to clutter it up with superflous and mesmerizing "3D" gimmicks, but to re-test it and eliminate inefficient methods of the past so that astrology could become a respected and more credible science. It is thus illogical and almost antithetical to use Kepler's name to idolize historical astrology or treat scientific models for astrology as marginal or inappropriate. It is logical that the scientific establishment remains resistant to astrology so long as it continues to include inefficient and marginally verifiable methods that readily reinforce the most negative stereotypes of astrology as a sort of junkstore collection of vague concepts and old objets d'art and curios. Most, though not all, of the Hamburg School astrology derivatives in Germany were conscious of this issue, following the spirit of Kepler and Witte, and proceeded accordingly -- while many American astrologers, and some descendant heirs of deceased Hamburg School astrologers, ironically, were those who drifted retrograde into the past, overglorifying the the ideas of centuries gone as though logical evolution did not occur.
The following short, telegraphic article is by Ruth Brummund, among the most highly experienced Uranian Astrologers in the world, having begun study of Uranian Astrology's co-derivative Cosmobiology in 1956, and of its progenitor Hamburg School Astrology in 1969. Ms Brummund also long dedicated herself to the core objective of Uranian Astrology founder Alfred Witte (following in the footsteps of Johannes Kepler), to weed ineffective concepts out of astrology and make it more scientific and concise. Uranian Astrology was first known to be publicized in the United States, the country with the second largest number of Uranian Astrology practitioners after Germany, by Richard Svehla in Ohio the late 1930s, in part via translations of German texts, and by Karl Ambjornson in San Francisco, and then later by a US-east-coast NCGR crowd, whose definition is based largely on historical methods taught by Hans Niggemann in New York via his translations of historical writings by German astrologers Hermann Lefeldt and Ludwig Rudolph (who preserved Hamburg School texts banned by the Nazis). Due to the NCGR's Wall Street money and influence, a dominant NCGR clique has been able to perpetuate a definition of Uranian Astrology as it existed in the 1940s, lumping the historical permutations all into one time frame, as though time stood still, with minimal sense of chronological or later developments, and a tendency to glamorize historical techiques, which is the opposite of what the main Uranian Astrology pioneer Alfred Witte intended and strived for, i.e. to dispense with cumbersome and inefficient historical techniques and sort out the most effective. Ms Brummund and associates in Germany set out in the 1970s to continue the original intent of Alfred Witte to throw out the superfluous. For example, the Brummund school put emphasis on the efficacy and relative direct observability of midpoints, while abandoning the A+B-C=D, etc, formulaic pictures and the house systems, and planetary sums and differences. Ms Brummund has written articles on how and why these choices were made, based on comparative studies. 'Seasoned' astrologers are sometimes stuck in the past. While Witte did not necessarily 'invent' the techniques he used, he did eventually develop new methodological approaches, and it is important to note that Witte, constantly testing and sorting, continually changed and refined methodologies, as most sciences normally do, over a period of 20 years (lasting from the 1920s to his death in the 1940s).
Alfred Witte developed some of the most outstanding astrological innovations of the 20th century in the 1920s. In the manner of classical astrology, he introduced the transneptunians in supposition that they were planets. Today, however, we assume that they could be low-density or gaseous objects which have an effect not unlike those of planets. (See footnote ¹ for clarification.)
Witte developed the movable dial or disc. Through use of it one can easily find the symmetrical interrelationships of the planets. Since the energies of any two given planets interact not only in angular/aspect relationship, but also when they lie in equal distance from a critical center point, use of a movable dial has become indispensable.
Ludwig Rudolph, as one of the most ingenious students of Alfred Witte, simplified astrological work with the 360° dial and developed the 90° dial, which helps delineate the course of trends and events in a person's life, and the approximate age at which they will occur.
Before the end of World War 2, American astrologers set about to work with Ludwig Rudolph on developing the teachings of Witte and used the name Uranian System, which is still today used outside Europe.
On 17 August 1948, Ludwig Rudolph founded the Astrological Study Group of the Hamburg School (ASHS), and in 1961 began publishing its first journal known as the Hamburger Hefte, which remained the official journal of the Hamburg School until 1995.
Since that time, some influential purveyors of Hamburg School teachings have not yet understood the overall significance of Ludwig Rudolph's thinking and are still at mid-20th-century level of understanding. Nonetheless, more recent Hamburg School developments starting in the 1970s, such as the Uranian Astrological Mandala and the systematization of the distances and half-distances, can still be learned...
In the 1994 instructional text "Uranische Techniken Hamburger Astrologen", methods are delineated which are still unknown to many; and the interpretation book today's student and practitioner uses is "The Brummund Rulebook". (ed: This is included as an on-screen, searchable text inside the Special Uranian computer program, designed specifically for use with Ms Brummund's techniques based on post-1970s Hamburg/Uranian astrology research.)
-- MORE DETAILED EXPLANATIONS IN OTHER ARTICLES --
The following article explains why the early experimental A+B-C=D formulae were set aside as being distracting and of marginal functional use in routine practice:
And the following article explains why the early experimental "sensitive points" and sums were set aside as being distracting and of marginal functional use in routine practice:
The following article explains why the early experimental sums were set aside as being distracting and of marginal functional use in routine practice:
TRANSLATOR'S SUPPLEMENTARY COMMENT / FOOTNOTE
¹ These comments have been added in order to explain the telegraphic summary presented by the author, and put in context of American approaches to astrology. Following are the quotes from Alfred Witte written in 1924 and 1925 about the nature and visibility of the Transneptunians: "The outgoing emanations of the Sun have, at the distance of Neptune, such a low level of density that their vibratory rate reflects as a greenish-blue color. The greater the distance from the Sun, the finer and smaller these swirling emanations are, in line with the law of capillarity (ed.: which, according to Witte, accounted for the correspondence between the color spectrum and planetary distance from the Sun). (Witte 1975, p 220). "Of the etheric rays which surround the Sun, the smallest particles radiate outward from the midpoint of our solar system so that, at the distance of Cupido, the low-density mass corresponds with a light blue color. At the next step of the sequence these emanations should consist of even finer particles, and thus at the distance of Hades resemble an indigo blue color" (Witte 1975, p 220), and "Though it is possible that the conjectured 'planet' Cupido, in spite of the faintness of its reflected light, might be sighted with the telescope; one cannot count on sighting the following 'planet' Hades with the telescope, since its indigo blue color is obscured by the color of the evening sky. The colors of the next two 'planets', Zeus and Kronos, reflect the vibratory rates of the colors violet-blue and lavender-grey to us on Earth. Only through photographic exposures made with plates which record ultraviolet rays would one be able to visibly verify these Transneptunian planets ascertained by mathematical calculations." (Witte 1975, p 222)
Other, sometimes overlapping, perspectives, are that the transneptunian factors of Witte and Sieggrün, whose effect has been proven though over 80 years of astrological investigation, could be explained as either:
a) barycenters among belts of neighboring asteroids discovered in recent years, or
b) gas- or particle-like composition in line with the overall decreasing density and more gaseous composition of the planets (Pluto and the plutinos and centaurs being exceptional) as one travels outward away from our Sun.
Information on the National Academy of Sciences website indicates that bodies in the outer regions of our solar system may be composed of unfamiliar chemical elements at differing degrees of density and aggregation, thus accounting for their description as "etheric energy clusters". Scientific discoveries about the nature of our solar system and neighboring regions have been accelerating at a newly rapid rate since the start of the 21st century, as new technology verifies new dimensions and aspects of reality that we formerly simply wrote off as being unverifiable metaphysical phenomena outside the realm of science. Indeed, the redefinition of the boundary between physics and metaphysics has also been shifting rapidly via scientific means, due to new technology developed in both the late 20th and early 21st century, and this has contributed to new data and understanding of the composition of our solar system. Science evolves just as do human beings.
See also R Brummund: "The Hamburg School Today"
THE ONLY PROGRAM DESIGNED TO DO CURRENT URANIAN ASTROLOGY METHODS CORRECTLY, WITH ON-SCREEN-DIAL AND INTERPRERATION REFERENCES, WITH NO PAPER OR MANUAL DIAL NEEDED, IS THE SPECIAL URANIAN ASTROLOGY PROGRAM BY AUREAS SOFTWARE.
Witte, A. 1975. Der Mensch - eine Empfangsstation kosmischer Suggestionen. Hamburg, Germany: Ludwig Rudolph (Witte-Verlag).
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