THE URANIAN INSTITUTE

Astrology over the Course of Time

[an excerpt from The Brummund Technique Book]

Ruth Brummund, Dipl. Psych.

NOTE: It has come to the translator's attention that the textual content of some of the original articles sent or posted by Ms Brummund from/in Germany have been altered after the translator received the text translated below. The following text is a translation of the content of the article as it appeared on the date indicated at the end of this translated text, and does not include translation of any alterations that may have been made in the German original since that date.

As the nomadic tribes began to establish settlements and till the soil, they acted in accordance with the rhythms of each season as well as the times of light and darkness coinciding with the positions of the Sun and Moon.  They learned to recognize when certain agricultural activities would bring the best yields from the the Earth.

Bit by bit, the human race dedicated more and more time to observing and recording the motions of the planets.  Thus astrology and astronomy were born and practiced conjointly and developed into a science.

As Johannes Kepler actively studied planetary motion, precise calculations of the movements of the various planets were developed.  From his calculations, Kepler discovered three principles which served as bases for further planetary laws.

In more recent times, astrology gradually fell into question as it no longer remained in accord with scientific criteria.  One problem was the lack of realization that only similar functions should be combined with each other in scientific measurement.

For this reason, continually more accurate studies and tests are being compiled.  Many more such investigations will need to be undertaken before the frequency of significant occurrences are effectively and comprehensively measured and norms are ascertained.

Alfred Witte

For the investigation of an astrological chart, each astrologer needs the date and location, where and when an event occurred.  This applies equally to the birth of an organism, the founding of an association, or laying the cornerstone of a building.

For interpretation criteria, astrologers use the most widely varied systems, whether in the form of houses, positions in the zodiacal signs, or the proximity of planets within certain orbs.

Alfred Witte, a land surveyor from Hamburg, recognized that chart interpretation suffered from many shortcomings.   One must have a highly effective memory in order to combine the salient factors rather than simply enumerate them in isolation, one after the other. Transverse relationships exist that challenge the astrologer's skill at interpretation.

Witte's astrological techniques were revolutionary in essence, and the new methods he worked with were further developed fruitfully by the engineer Ludwig Rudolph.

In October 1969, when I first made contact with the Astrological Study Group of the Hamburg School (ASHS), I noticed three distinct variations in Witte's teachings.  Hermann Lefeldt had published his Methodik-1 a few years prior to this, where he presented not only interpretations of the planets in the houses but also of reflex houses.

Carl Perch used mainly the so-called sensitive points, mathematically determined positions in the chart.  Up to five charts, with distinct diameters, laid one atop the other yielded interpretations according to his system.

Ludwig Rudolph

Ludwig Rudolph referred to in his lectures to lucid methods of combining planetary clusters with midpoints for well-rounded interpretations.

During his first 20 years, Alfred Witte witnessed much turmoil whenever presenting his reformist ideas into the field of astrology.  A new Uranian Astrology which had foundations in tradition, yet introduced radically new techniques and elements, was discussed.  These techniques included planetary symmetries in the form of midpoints, and the development of a moveable dial for detecting them.  Yet, one of his most remarkable accomplishments was the recognition of energy fields known to us as Transneptunians, and interpreted as planets.

While every circle is endless, it can be further and further divided into sections.  If we consider the circle as symbolic of the infinity of time, then the subdivisions within that circle represent periods of time.

Alfred Witte named the primary mark along the circle the Zero Point, the starting point of the Zodiac.  Taken as a symbol of the axis of the Earth, it is indicated by the Aries glyph, which in effect symbolizes 0 of all cardinal signs when we work with the 90 dial.

The 90 (4th harmonic) dial

 Witte practiced his methods for a brief period of only 20 years before his death.   Ludwig Rudolph, as his keenest student, outlived Witte by more than 40 years.

Ludwig Rudolph showed us at the end of his life a degree of lucidity which Witte did not have time to develop during his relatively short life.  Techniques such as sensitive points, referred to by Alfred Witte as redundant, were no longer used by Ludwig Rudolph in his later years.  This point is evidenced in Ludwig Rudolph's article on page 21 of issue IV/76 of the Hamburger Hefte. (*1)

As Ludwig's last personal tutee, I was able to benefit from the experience he had accumulated from his 60 years of practical astrological application.

Working through Ludwig Rudolph's Leitfaden, which appeared in its third edition in 1965, led me on the path to building my astrological foundations.  For the many questions that came to my mind I found the answers I needed to keep my interest in astrology stimulated.

-- Hamburg, 1994

NOTES:

(*1)  translator/editor's note: Ms Brummund here refers to an article in which Ludwig Rudolph followed through on Alfred Witte's own ultimate recommendations to cut elaborate and cumbersome techniques out of standard astrological practice... that an overabundance of  techniques and devices stand in the way of seeing major important points and can fog up the astrologer's viewpoint by preoccupation with minor details and lead to endless marginal tangents.  Effective practice of Uranian Astrology requires maintaining a perspective on priorities and a comprehensive overview so as not to get lost in the forest due to the trees, a principle which Ms Brummund also emphasizes.  Alfred Witte brought up this important issue on page 255 of "Der Mensch".

Ms Brummund welcomes your questions at Ruth Brummund.

FOR A CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF URANIAN ASTROLOGY, CLICK HERE

FOR A HISTORY OF HAMBURG SCHOOL ASTROLOGY AFTER 1970, BY MS BRUMMUND, CLICK HERE

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE BRUMMUND TECHNIQUE BOOK, CLICK HERE

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